This article applies
to Windows XP/2000
Over time, your hard drive could develop errors for a variety of
reasons. The most common reasons are:
- Improper Shutdowns
- Power Outages
- Power Surges
- Age of Drive
In this article I
will explain a method that can repair a damaged hard drive. It is
also possible to be able to tell if the hard drive is nearing its
end by using this method.
Warning: Depending on the extent of the damage to your hard drive,
this test can cause the hard drive to actually fail. So, prior to
running this test, be sure to backup all data.
<>Start Repair Method:
- Insert your
Windows XP/2000 installation CD and restart your computer to
launch the CD. If you receive a prompt asking what boot method
you would like to use. Select the option that allows you to boot
from the installation CD.
- The next prompt
will ask what you would like to do? Select the letter "R" to
enter the Windows Recovery Console.
- When asked what
partition you would like to boot to, select the partition that
has your Windows operating system installed on it. You may be
asked for an administrator password at this point. If you use
one, then enter it now. If not, simply press enter to continue.
- A command
prompt should now appear. Type in the following command and then
press enter on your keyboard: chkdsk /p
- Your system
will begin testing for errors on your drive. If you receive a
message that states; "One or more errors detected on the
volume", then it is possible to use CHKDSK to repair these
errors. If no errors were found, CHKDSK will not be able to
repair your drive.
- If one or more
errors were found, type in the following command at the command
prompt and then press enter on your keyboard: chkdsk /r
- Once you press
enter, the CHKDSK utility will begin checking every sector on
your hard drive for errors and automatically repair them. This
test could take some time depending on the size of your hard
- Once your
system stops scanning and returns you to the command prompt,
type the following command again, then press enter: chkdsk /p
- If after the
scan completes and it has found no errors, this means that you
have successfully repaired your drive. If errors are again
reported, this means that the CHKDSK utility was unable to
repair these errors and it could also indicate that the drive is
on its last leg.
- Exit the
Recovery Console and remove your Windows XP/2000 installation
CD. Be sure to (if you haven't already) backup all data on your